Narrative text merupakan salah satu jenis teks yang menarik. Lain halnya dengan report text yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu secara umum, narrative justru berkaitan dengan dongeng. Isinya cerita-cerita fiksi seperti legenda, mitos, fabel (cerita hewan), ataupun cerita anak lainnya.
Tapi apa cuma bisa dibaca oleh anak-anak? Nggak dong. Umur berapapun kamu, bisa banget baca narrative text. Selain menghibur dan mengandung pesan moral, belajar bahasa Inggris dari kosakata baru kan jadi lebih seru.
Ciri khas bahasa yang digunakan dalam narrative yaitu past tense, termasuk variasi passive voice. Lalu, sering munculnya noun phrase dan adjective phrase juga berguna untuk menjelaskan kata benda ataupun sifat seperti very beautiful princess. Gak ketinggalan nih dengan keterangan tempat atau waktu. Misalnya, sering nemuin kata-kata once upon a time, once, atau far away in the hidden forest… kan?
Nah, kalau udah ada beberapa ciri itu, udah pasti teksnya berupa naratif. Tapi, sebelum masuk ke contoh, alangkah baiknya kamu paham dulu strukturnya.
Orientation:inilah bagian awal dari sebuah teks naratif. Selain terdapat keterangan tempat atau waktu, bagian orientation mengandung jawaban dari pertanyaan who, when, dan where. Atau yang disebut perkenalan tokoh, latar tempat serta waktu di dalam cerita.
Complication:munculah masalah pada bagian ini, yang seringkali terbagi menjadi tiga jenis. Natural conflict (masalah tokoh dengan alam), social conflict (masalah tokoh dengan tokoh lain), dan psychological conflict (masalah tokoh dengan dirinya sendiri/perang batin).
Resolution:setelah adanya masalah, tentunya ada peleraian. Bagian resolution berisi penyelesaian atas masalah yang terjadi.
Re-orientation atau Evaluation:meskipun kehadirannya opsional, bagian ini ada gunanya lho. Di evaluation, biasanya penulis mengkhususkan pesan moral serta kesimpulan cerita di sebuah paragraf akhir. Tujuannya untuk benar-benar mengakhiri sebuah cerita.
Berikut contoh narrative text:
The Vampire and The Princess
Once upon a time, in a huge castle, lived a beautiful princess named Carmilla. She was the only child in the family yet she had been forced to obey her father’s rules. She was unhappy most of the time. The king had never let Carmilla leave the castle. Thus, the maid often caught Carmilla crying in the middle of the night.
One night, Carmilla was sitting in front of her window. Her pretty eyes became blurry with tears. Sally, her maid, couldn’t stand to watch the sadness. She eventually offered Carmilla to watch an opera at Classical Theater. Without hesitation, Carmilla said yes. They sneaked out from the castle at night. The guards had been told to stay quiet while waiting for Sally and Carmilla to come home.
There, Carmilla saw a mysterious handsome tall man playing violin very beautifully. She began to cry, feeling the music had shaken her every soul. Before the curtain was closed, Carmilla caught the man’s eyes. Cold and dark. She knew from that moment that she was in love.
Night after night, Camilla and Cecilion were getting closer. Everytime Cecilion finished his performance, they met behind the stage. Unfortunately, Sally was fired because one of the guards revealed the secret to the king. From then, Carmilla stopped seeing Cecilion and the king ordered her to marry a prince.
“This world is not fair!” shouted Carmilla. Every night she sat by the window, thinking about Cecilion. But, she had to face her wedding and was forced to forget Cecilion. On the night of her wedding day, she was dressed in all-white, crying silently. Suddenly, she received a letter that surprisingly fell from nowhere. She read it carefully and began to cry louder than before.
The letter told her that Cecilion was a vampire. He loved Carmilla more than anything in his life. He asked for Carmilla’s forgiveness because he had been lying to her about his true identity. He also said that vampires and humans couldn’t possibly be together.
“What on earth should I do? I love him!” asked Carmilla. She would rather die than not having a chance to live with Cecilion. Hence, she decided to end her life by slitting her wrist.
The marriage was a tragedy. A stone-cold Carmilla had already died, lying in her coffin. Cecilion knew that he had to take his only love, Carmilla. After everyone left the church, he flew away with Carmilla’s body and sucked her blood. That way made Carmilla become alive and immortal. Her eyes were red as roses, hair as white as clouds. She reborned. As a vampire.
Since Carmilla’s death, nobody in the castle nor around the village had ever seen her and Cecilion. They both seemed to have disappeared. Although everyone thought exactly they were dead, Carmilla and Cecilion actually lived together. Each night, they were hugging each other by the window. Under the moonlight, they were driven with passionate love. Without rules, without sadness. Forever.
Well, that was it! Kisah tentang vampir dan manusia yang saling jatuh cinta dan akhirnya hidup bersama dengan penuh pengorbanan. Hal yang bisa dipetik yaitu untuk mendapatkan sesuatu yang diinginkan, tentu ada pengorbanan.
Kamu juga bisa kok nulis cerita fiksi atau memahami narrative text lebih dalam lagi. Caranya ya gabung Cakap! Dengan ikutan kelas bahasa Inggris di Cakap, kamu juga akan belajar grammar seperti causative verb, jenis teks lainnya, bahkan sampai cara ngomong yang lancar lho!